Scientific Program

Conference Series Ltd invites all the participants across the globe to attend Men in nursing 2018 Holiday Inn, Via Aurealia Rome, Italy.

Day 1 :

Keynote Forum

Paul Jackson

University of Wolverhampton, UK

Keynote: Trials and tribulations of male student nurses

Time : 10:30-11:00

Conference Series Men in Nursing 2018 International Conference Keynote Speaker Paul Jackson photo
Biography:

Paul Jackson nursing and teaching qualifications and experience include: MBA and PRINCE2 qualifications is currently the Head of Practice Learning at the Faculty of
Education, Health and Wellbeing at the University of Wolverhampton, UK. He has almost 20 years’ experience in nursing at various levels including management and
teaching and in various healthcare settings. His current role requires him to have knowledge and understanding of a wide variety of professions and courses that have
practice elements to them and to be able to put systems and processes in place. His greatest attribute is my ability to support, inspire, develop others; to use his wide range
of skills to benefit others including his employers and the wider community. His skills and interests include business, management, leadership, operational, HR related,
project management, diversity, gender discrimination, e-learning, practice development, student support in practice and care of the older person

Abstract:

Gender and race can be regarded as the major organizing principles of the labour market, with disability, age and sexual orientation
being factors that also influence employment patterns and outcomes. These five dimensions of diversity are the main sources
of employment discrimination and disadvantage. This paper explores the male nursing student’s experience and considers whether
male discrimination and disadvantage takes place as they are a minority group within nursing. The research used a mixed methods
approach. It was conducted using semi-structured qualitative interviews on twelve respondents and two qualitative focus groups
containing six respondents. A quantitative email questionnaire sent to two hundred student nurses was also used. The respondents
were from a wide range of backgrounds, ages, cultures and levels of training. The findings showed that the male student nurses
experience was very mixed. This included issues relating to perceptions, attitudes, roles, barriers, challenges, negative experiences
and effects all relating to be a minority group subject to gender discrimination. Influences other than gender was noted to influence
their male experience such as age, culture, life experiences, confidence, personality and character traits. This research also identified
possible solutions to how male experience could be improved and what the benefits would be of having more male nurses in the
profession

Keynote Forum

Mary Nies

Idaho State University, USA

Keynote: The development of a department of nursing research in a university school of nursing

Time : 10:00-10:30

Conference Series Men in Nursing 2018 International Conference Keynote Speaker Mary Nies photo
Biography:

Dr. Nies is the Director of Nursing Research and Professor in the Division of Health Sciences at Idaho State University. Dr. Nies is the Project Director on the Idaho Senior
Refugee Interprofessional Holistic Health Project funded by Health Resources and Services Administration (HRSA) for $1.5 Million. In addition, Dr. Nies is serving as a
Research Mentor for tenure track faculty on externally funded research grants, PI on the Jonas Leaders Scholars Program for PhD students, and was a PI on a university
and medical center contract for faculty and staff nurse mentoring. Dr. Nies is a behavioral nurse scientist with a research focus on community interventions promoting
health in vulnerable populations. Her scientific expertise lies in health promotion and intervention research. She has received extensive federal and foundation funding to
support her research. Dr. Nies has numerous publications in well-recognized peer review journals. She is the co-author of the textbook Community/Public Health Nursing:
Promoting the Health of Populations now in its 6th edition. Dr. Nies has experience working with interdisciplinary research teams and has served on several NIH and
CDC grant review study sections. She is a Fellow of the American Academy of Nursing and in the American Academy of Health Behavior. Dr. Nies was inducted into the
International Nurse Researcher Hall of Fame, Sigma Theta Tau International Honor Society in 2011

Abstract:

This presentation will discuss the process being used to develop a research department in a School of Nursing in the USA.
The presentation will discuss how the development started, the involvement of undergraduate and graduate faculty, the School of Nursing strategic plan, and future inclusion of students and community partners.

  • Healthcare & Nursing Studies | Nursing Care Planning | Nursing Education | Advanced Nursing Care | Reasons for Low Representation of Males in Nursing | Nursing Informatics | Surgical Nursing Care | Gender Roles in Nursing | Prospects of Men in Nursing | Perioperative Nursing Care
Location: Rome, Italy
Speaker

Chair

Bernadette Curry

Molloy College, USA

Speaker

Co-Chair

Paul Jackson

University of Wolverhampton, UK

Session Introduction

Tugba Karatas

Gazi University, Turkey

Title: The image of male nurses in Turkey: A systematıc revıew

Time : 16:50-17:10

Speaker
Biography:

Tugba KARATAS, RN, MSN, Research Assistant, completed her master’s degree in maternity health nursing and internal medicine nursing, respectively. Before master
education, she worked as a nurse in intensive care unit about four years. She is a doctoral student and research asisstant in internal medicine nursing in Gazi University
Faculty of Health Sciences Department of Nursing in the capital city of Turkey. During her master educaiton in internal medicine nursing, she decided to specialize in
cardiac disease, making it the focus of her nursing research.

Abstract:

Statement of the Problem: The nursing profession is the largest subgroup among health professionals. The professionalization
of nurses is one of the most significant and ongoing discussions. There is still many difficulties for men in choosing nursing as
a career. The purpose of this study is to identify the studies on male nurses in Turkey in the last ten years.
Methodology & Theoretical Orientation: This is a systematic literature review of scientific articles from 2008 to 2018.
Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) guideline was used for protocols in this
review. Electronic databases were systematically searched to identify English and Turkish study reports about male nurses. A
literature search of databases included the Ovid MEDLINE, PubMed, Web of Science, Cochrane, Cumulative Index to Nursing
and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL) and Google Scholar was done by using keywords included “Male Nurses in Turkey”,
“Men in Nursing”, “Gender Differences in Nursing” and “Nursing in Turkey”. The articles were screened by two reviewers
independently for congruence with eligibility criteria and quality of included studies were assessed. Key results concerning the
issue were extracted and synthesized.
Findings: Nineteen studies were reviewed in this study, 3 qualitative and 16 quantitative methods. All studies described
opinions, perceptions and perceived barriers of nursing students, patients, informal caregivers of patients or other adults. The
study reports show that the attitudes and opinions of Turkish people about male nurses were positive in the majority of the
studies, but the disadvantages of male nurses are experienced around hegemonic masculinity.
Conclusion & Significance: Strategies aimed at increasing male nurses’ professional identities should have positive effects on
their professional outcomes. Professional empowerment is one of the most critical predictor of nursing career development.

Sukru Ozen

Bingol University, Turkey

Title: Percieved barriers by men in nursing in clinical areas

Time : 17:10-17:30

Speaker
Biography:

Sukru Ozen had his Master’s thesis on the illness perception of multiple sclerosis patients. He is now a PhD student in İnternal Medicine Nursing Department, Faculty of
Health Sciences. Gazi University. He has his expertise in neurological diseases, health and wellbeing. His publications are about stroke, multiple sclerosis and nursing
education.

Abstract:

Statement of the Problem: Nowadays the number of men nurses has risen in clinical settings with the attention on men in
nursing. However the problems and difficulties that men nurses are faced with are growing up. It seems that these problems are
originating from societal perception.
Aim: The purpose of this study is to explore men nurses’ opinions about nursing and experienced barriers as a men in nursing
care.
Methodology & Theoretical Orientation: A descriptive qualitative design was adopted in this study to determine opinions of
men nurses’ about nursing in clinical settings of hospitals in Turkey in February 2018 using purposive and snowball sampling
for recruitment. Data were collected with ten men nurses in the form of one by one semi-structured interviews included
opinions about nursing, future implementations for nursing, the motivating and demotivating factors of men nurses and
difficulties of implementing care practice. Transcripts were analyzed to identify themes and written reflections.
Findings: The following themes emerged from the transcribed verbatim data based on content analysis about the problems and
demotivating factors: “seen by society as a female profession”, “privacy concerns”, “difficult working conditions”, “community
prejudice”, “types of addressing to men nurses”, “negative attitudes of patient caregivers”, “insufficiency of health professionals
of equipment”, “violence or mobbing” and “insufficiency of salary distribution”. Recommendations for nursing development
by the men nurses are : “financial arrangement”, “specialization”, “occupational organization”, “multidisciplinary approach”, “in
service training”, “provision of health professionals recruitment”
Conclusions & Significance: In the literature, it is highlighted that men nurses are faced with many barriers during caring
process to their patients. Being aware of their needs and barriers and providing them opportunities to keep up with these
problems are key factors for professional development.

Speaker
Biography:

Dr. Jade Kay graduated from University of California, Los Angeles in 2000 with a Master of Science in Nursing. Dr. Kay is a Board-Certified Family Nurse Practitioner
with a Subspecialty in Neuropsychiatry. Her clinical experience is in the areas of Internal Medicine, Pediatrics, Rheumatology, and Mental Health. She attained her PhD
in Nursing from University of Texas, Medical Branch, School of Biomedical Sciences in 2016. Her research interest is in psychoneuroimmunology. Her current research
focus is in sleep and stress in older adults. She has published in the Journal of National Black Nurses' Association. Dr. Kay is currently serving as the Associate Director for
National University, Los Angeles Campus, Department of Nursing. Her volunteer works include homeless healthcare outreach in homeless shelters in Glendora, Covina,
Hacienda Heights, and San Dimas and medical/dental mission trips to the provinces in the Philippines

Abstract:

The study assessed the comparative effectiveness of two no-pharmacological interventions, Mantram, a meditation-based
strategy, and sleep techniques, to improve sleep in the healthy older adults living in the community. The study also evaluated
the feasibility of delivering a 5-week, 60-90-minute, weekly Mantram repetition training program to a sample of healthy older
adults living in the community. Qualified subjects were healthy older adults aged 50 and above who are English literates.
Individuals with a diagnosis of obstructive sleep apnea and dementia were excluded. A convenient sample of 44 subjects
consented to participate. One subject left the study due to illness and eight subjects with missing post-tests were removed from
the analysis. A total of 35 subjects (sleep technique group n=19, Mantram group n=16) remained for the analysis. The study
used a quasi-experimental pretest and post-test nonequivalent comparison group approach. A blocked design by gender was
used and blocks were randomly assigned to either the Mantram intervention group or sleep technique group. Sleep quality
was measured with the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI). The level of perceived stress was measured with the Perceived
Stress Scale (PSS). The self-reported questionnaires (PSQI and PSS) were completed before and after the 5-week training.
Analysis of covariance and change scores were performed to determine the impact of Mantram repetition on sleep quality and
perceived stress. Multiple regression analysis was implemented to identify the best set of predictors of sleep quality. The results
showed that the Mantram group and the sleep technique group significantly differed in perceived stress, sleep latency, and
subjective sleep quality scores post training, suggesting an improvement in the Mantram group. The Mantram group exhibited
a beneficial change in perceived stress level, sleep quality (global), frequency of sleep-aid use, sleep latency, and subjective
sleep quality. Gender and marital status were not found to have any effect on the subjects’ intervention response. Marital status
was the strongest predictor of global sleep quality. Age was a significant predictor of sleep latency. Being male was negatively
predictive of subjective sleep quality. Perceived stress was the strongest predictor of daytime dysfunction and sleep disturbance.
Intervention group membership was the strongest predictor for sleep duration.

İlknur Aydin Avci

Ondokuz Mayıs University, Turkey

Title: Opinions of patients on male nurses: Inspectıon by gender perceptıon

Time : 11:40-12:00

Speaker
Biography:

Ilknur Aydin Avci earned a Master’s Degree in Public Health Nursing; Bachelor’s Degree in Nursing; Nursing Diploma from Ataturk University, Erzurum, Turkey. She is a
Professor in the Division of Nursing, Faculty of Health Sciences Ondokuz Mayis University, Samsun, Turkey. She has more than 20 years of experience as an Educator
and Clinician in all settings in which care is provided. She has authored over 55 peer-review manuscripts. She is the author of 3 books and book chapters, including
infection diseases and nursing and public health nursing. She has attended a lot of conference, especially nursing research, methodology, cancer early detection, project
management, international partnership. She is the Reviewer and Editorial Board Member of several national and international journals including European Journal of
Nursing, Cancer Nursing, Asian Nursing Research, Samsun Journal of Health Sciences, Progress in Health Sciences. She is an Advisory Board Member at national
research commission.

Abstract:

Aim: This study was planned to determine the opinions of male inpatients in Samsun Educational Research Hospital regarding
male nurses in terms of gender perception.
Procedures/Methods: In this study, which was planned in accordance with descriptive research guidelines, data were obtained
from 291 inpatient treatment between 5th January and 15th March 2017. The questionnaire prepared by the researchers was
filled by interviewing the individuals face to face. In the evaluation of the data, frequency, average, percentage methods were
used.
Results: The average age of the participants was 52.96±15.07 and 53.4 % were females. 49.5% of participants were in general
surgery, 25.1% were in internal medicine and 25.4% were in cardiology department. It was determined that 45% of the
participants were primary school graduates. 67.7% of the participants stated that they had learned in the hospital that men
were doing nursing and 37.8 % stated that they had previously received care from a male nurse. While 62.9% of the participants
indicated that male nurses should work in all clinics of the hospital; 32.7% stated that they should not work in the birth room
and 30.2% in the gynecology and obsteric clinics. When the opinions about male nurses are examined; 37.5% of participants
stated that ''male nurses will be more friendly, polite and takes better care than women''; 47.1% ''develop nursing profession
wherein men are involved''; 74.2% of them stated that “nursing is a profession that both women and men can do” and 74.9% of
participants stated ''nurses' success in practice is more important than gender''; 54.6% of participants said ''I can show my body
without hesitation to male nurses for treatment''; 60.5% said “I would like my son to be a male nurse”; 37.8% stated that they
were hesitant in the view that "I would like to receive nursing service from a male nurse". 47.4% of male nurses should provide
only male patients' care in hospital'' and 55.3% of them did not agree with the opinion of "male nurses are uncomfortable to
take care".
Conclusion & Suggestions: The opinions of inpatient patients about male nurses are generally accepted. However, it should be
ensured that all patients and the community have a positive view of the male nurse. For this purpose, it should be made aware
that gender is not a factor affecting equality of nursing care and care, considering the gender perceptions of patients.

Elizabeth Ahsberg

National Board of Health and Welfare, Sweden

Title: Discharge from hospital: A survey of transition to outpatient care

Time : 12:00-12:20

Speaker
Biography:

Elizabeth Ahsberg is currently a Researcher at the Swedish National Board of Health and Welfare. She has done her graduation and PhD in the year 1998 from Stockholm
University. She has published several research papers in reputed journals and has presented her research studies in national, regional, and international conferences

Abstract:

Introduction: Despite a generally decreased mean time for hospital care in Sweden, an increasing length of stay has been
highlighted among patients with long term care need.
Aim: Identifying challenges and potentials in the transition of patients between hospitals and primary care.
Method: Data of discharged patients were extracted from national registers and interviews were conducted with local
authorities in a sample of nine out of 21 counties, and a systematic literature search was performed.
Results: A total of 11, 21, 823 persons were discharged from Swedish hospitals in 2014. Of all discharged patients 3, 34, 420
had further need of medical care and 2, 21, 221 had further need of social care. Among these, 53,763 patients needed both
medical and social care. Of these, frail persons (primarily females 80 years or older) were 48%, who were readmitted to the
hospital within 30 days. The main reported difficulties were: a decreasing number of beds in hospitals and nursing homes,
lack of staff with proper education, problems in transfer of information between caregivers. Reported examples of adapted
working methods initiated to promote a coherent health care were, local follow-up of patient data and focus on cooperation
between caregivers, extensive initial home care after discharge, and outpatient care organized by both municipalities and
county councils. The scientific literature showed contradictory results about the effects of single interventions at discharge.
However, the number of readmissions to hospital may be reduced by combining several interventions before discharge and
follow-up after discharge. No consistent effects on patients' perceived quality of life, well-being or satisfaction were reported.
Conclusion: As many frail patients are readmitted to hospitals, primary care may need new working methods. In addition,
a new regulation on care coordinator for patients with extensive health care needs is introduced in 2018, which may help
increase patient safety.

Speaker
Biography:

Elena Todorova holds Doctor of Nursing Practice degree from the University of San Diego. She is a Clinical Associate Professor and a co-chair of the Planetree executive
committee at National University, USA. She is a nationally board-certified Family Nurse Practitioner. Her research interests include Advanced Practice Nursing in primary
care, cardiovascular and thoracic surgery, person-centered care, methods for improving student learning and simulation. She practices in Internal Medicine and has held
a position with clinical privileges at Scripps CV and Thoracic Surgery. Her clinical practice has afforded her the expertise needed to serve as a mentor and preceptor for
graduate nursing students. Dr. Todorova is a member of the Planetree Higher Education Advisory Council. She is a member of Sigma Theta Tau International honor society
of nursing, California Association of Nurse Practitioners and the American Association of Nurse Practitioners.

Abstract:

Background: In the United States, as Primary Care physician shortage is predicted to worsen over the next decade, nurse
practitioner providers (NPs) play an increasingly important role in providing access to high quality primary care. Moreover,
in states where NP supervision is mandated, such as in California, it is critical to establish better collaborative models, as
healthcare providers struggle to care for the ageing population. Little is known, however, about NP satisfaction and how it
affects organizational processes and retention.
Purpose: The aim is to gain an understanding of NP practice environment and NP satisfaction in Primary Care in Southern
California.
Methodology/Approach: Data will be collected through surveys that were distributed via email to practicing NPs from 5
primary care clinics at one Sothern California healthcare institution. Several methods were used such as Likert scale and
semantic evaluation scale in evaluating and measuring respondents’ opinions on important satisfaction features, as well as
open-ended questions to identify and assess underlying constructs that specifically define nurse practitioner satisfaction.

Serpil Topcu

Koc University, Turkey

Title: Evaluation of self efficacy and quality of life of stroke patients

Time : 12:40-13:00

Speaker
Biography:

Serpil Topcu is an Instructor at Koc University School of Nursing. She has completed her PhD at Marmara University in 2017. Her research interest includes Stroke, Critical
Care and Chronic Disease Nursing Management.

Abstract:

Objective: The study was designed as a methodological and randomized controlled experiment to analyze self-efficacy and
quality of life for stroke patients.
Methods & Materials: The study’s population was formed with stroke patients who received outpatient care at an acute
stroke center between January 1st to November 12th, 2016. In the first phase of the study, validity and reliability of the Stroke
Self Efficacy Questionnaire (SSEQ) was done with 130 patients. Second phase of the study was done among 72 patients (36
experimental, 36 control) according to the research criteria. The experimental group received educational booklets and they
were included in the 3-month follow-up. The control group only received nursing care at the clinic. The study data were
collected using, identity forms, quality of life scale for stroke patients, SSEQ and monthly follow-up form. Mean, standard
deviation, median, frequency, percentage, minimum, maximum, Student’s T-test, Mann-Whitney U test, Kruskal-Wallis test
and Pearson Chi-square tests were used to analyze the data.
Results: Scale test-retest reliability correlation ratio was 0.95 and α was 0.93. It was determined that the experimental group
with educational booklet and monthly follow up had higher scores in both self-efficacy and quality of life than the patients in
the control group (p<0.001). Quality of life and self-efficacy were higher in patients who are taking care for themselves. They were
also low in women patients having comorbid diseases.
Conclusion: As a result, it was determined that education and follow-up in stroke patients are effective and it has a positive
impact on self-efficacy and quality of life

Usama Saleh

King Abdullah Medical City, Saudi Arabia

Title: The impact of nurse managers' leadership styles on ward staffs

Time : 14:30-14:50

Speaker
Biography:

Usama Saleh has completed his PhD from the University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY, USA. He is the Director of Postgraduate Nursing and Allied Health Education
Department at King Abdullah Medical City. He has published several research papers in reputed journals and has been serving as an Editorial Board Member. He has
presented his research studies in national, regional, and international conferences. He is also a Nursing Professor at Walden University, MN, USA.

Abstract:

Background: Leadership style is related to job satisfaction, retention, costs, and quality of care. The leadership styles of
managers can be crucial in the healthcare settings; however, very few studies are focused on them.
Aim: To explore the nature of leadership styles employed by the nursing management team as perceived by bedside nurses.
Method: The study employed qualitative methodology, with 35 bedside nurses working in different specialties of a territory
medical city.
Data Collection: Consisted of completing demographic and professional information and a one-time semi-structured
interview using open-ended questions.
Analysis: A phenomenologic-hermeneutic approach was used to identify major themes.
Results: The findings showed that participants described four major themes relating to the nature of the leadership styles they
encountered: relational leadership, preferential leadership, communication chain leadership, and ineffectual leadership.
Conclusion: The leadership styled employed by nurse managers has a tremendous impact on nurses’ satisfaction, turnover,
and quality patient care.

Speaker
Biography:

Khosro Shafaghi completed his Master’s Degree of Sciences in the field of Public Health in Nutrition from Tehran University of Medical Sciences (TUMS), in 1989. He
started work as a Lecturer of Nutrition in Kashan University of Medical Sciences in 1990, and then continued the position in Mashhad University of Medical Sciences among
1997-1999. He also has been a Lecturer in Gonabad University of Medical Sciences from year 2000, a position which he holds up to present time. In 2007, his passion
for community research inspired him to pursue a PhD Degree in the field of Community Nutrition, under the supervision of Professor Doctor Zalilah Mohd Shariff in the
Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Universiti Putra Malaysia. His current research interest is on overweight/obesity and dietary patterns in children and adolescents

Abstract:

Statement of Problem: A growing volume of literature points that the food intake pattern being more predictive of health
outcomes than the single nutrient approach. The World Health Organization suggests that dietary allowances for populations
should be based on the totality of their diets rather than on the traditional focus on nutrients. Diet in childhood and adolescents
have a potential lifelong effect on risks for obesity.
Purpose: The purpose of this study is to determine the main dietary patterns among the adolescents and investigate its
relationship with overweight and obesity among them.
Methodology: This cross sectional study was conducted among 1189 urban secondary school children who studied in 10
schools (overall from 501 schools), in Mashhad. It explored, food intake using a 121 item food frequency questionnaire (FFQ).
The Principal Component Factor analysis (PCA) was applied to define dietary patterns. Overweight and obesity was defined
using WHO cut-off points.
Findings: The patterns were labelled subjectively based on the nature of the food groups with labelled as Healthy Pattern
(HP) that characterized by higher intake of fish and other sea foods, fruits, and fruit juice, green, white and yellow vegetables,
whole grains, dried and processed fruits, and Unhealthy pattern (UP) that was heavily loaded on food items were high energy
dense and rich in oil and sugar such as sweets, sugars and confectionary, tea, and coffee, egg, cooked, and fried potato, and
moderately loaded on snacks, nuts, Iranian broth, and pickles. This study showed that 11.7% of adolescents were obese and
17.3% were overweight. The HP was significantly associated with BMI (Body Mass Index). Similarly, UP was significantly
associated with BMI.
Conclusions: Childhood obesity is one of the biggest health issues in Mashhad. Dietary patterns are good predictive and useful
when a researcher wants to examine the relationship between overall patterns of diet and health outcomes, such as obesity

Speaker
Biography:

Introduction: Mothers as primary caregivers of children with autism spectrum disorders need professional support. Also,
helping these mothers requires understanding of their lived experiences. Unfortunately, it is usually forgotten in the health care
programs in Iran. However, the qualitative studies are important to understand lived experiences and mixed method approach
is suggested to confirm the qualitative data.
Objectives: This study aims to uncover the lived experiences of mothers caring for children with autism spectrum disorders
by testing the caring model.
Materials & Methods: The exploratory mixed method study was based on taxonomy model. Qualitative phase was conducted
by phenomenological of hermeneutic on 18 cases of Iranian mothers of children with autism spectrum disorders in Mashhad.
In this study, purposeful sampling was applied and semi-structured interviews for data collection were used. Data analysis was
done with the interpretation methods of Diekelmann, Allen and Tanner. In quantitative phase, qualitative data were used in
constructing the questioner of caring model. After determining reliability and validity, the questioner during a cross-sectional
design on 150 samples of mothers were tested. Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS) version 18 was used for the
analysis.
Results: First, 31 common meaning, 11 sub-themes, and four major themes: 1) spiritual journey, 2) mother or teacher, 3)
taking care of special child, and 4) the child showed priority of life were emerged by interpretation of hermeneutic. Then, three
essential structures as 1) wondering between what is and what will be 2) reflection on the failure in her struggle, and 3) helping
her child is becoming all of the mother’s life were formed. At the end the constitutive pattern was discovered: “taking care by
mothers is being a mother” The themes were confirmed by testing model of caring by survey.

Abstract:

Gurkan Ozden

Inonu University, Turkey

Title: Cyberchondria and orthorexia in adults

Time : 15:30-15:50

Speaker
Biography:

Gurkan Ozden has graduated from Inonu University, Faculty of Health Sciences, Department of Nursing in 2014. He worked in the operating room and in the internal
medicine service for 2 years. He has been working as a Research Assistant at Inonu University, Faculty of Nursing since 2016

Abstract:

Statement of the Problem: Today, although the Internet has become an important source of medical information, it has the
potential to increase anxiety, fear or obsessive behaviour in people. Cyberchondria is a disease in which people search the
internet for signs of disease and believe themselves in the wrong diagnoses on the internet. This disease may invite other
obsessions along with it. Orthorexia is an eating disorder, which is defined as a healthy eating obsession, that interferes with
a person's life and is an obsession with eating natural diet. This study was carried out to examine the relationship between
cyberchondria and orthorexia.
Methodology & Theoretical Orientation: The study was planned as descriptive and relationship seeker. The sample of the
study was formed by adult individuals. The data of the study were collected with Cyberchondria Severity Scale (CSS), ORTO-
15 and the questionnaire which was created by researchers.
Findings: The average age was 42.3±14 years. 53.2% of the participants were male, 53.5% were single, 35% were high school
graduates, 52% were equivalent to income, 38.4% were using Internet for 0-1 hours a day, 66.2% of the internet resources were
not as reliable as doctors. It was found that gender, marital status and body mass index did not affect the CSS and ORTO-15
scores. Education status and income status were found to affect the average of CSS and ORTO-15 points. There was a significant
difference between the average score of ORTO-15 and CSS’ excessiveness subscale.
Conclusion & Significance: As one of the modern diseases of our age, cyberchondria can cause diseases with psychological
and physical effects, such as orthorexia. Therefore, in order to use the internet in a healthy and efficient way, social programs
and courses related to this subject can be given.

Speaker
Biography:

Bahar Aslan graduated from İnonu University, Faculty of Health Sciences in 2014. Between 2014 and 2016, she worked as a Nurse in Intensive Care, Emergency and
Operating Room. She is a Research Assistant at Inonu University since 2016. She is currently pursuing her PhD in Surgical Diseases.

Abstract:

Statement of the Problem: This research has been conducted to determine the effect of bioenergy on postoperative pain in
patients who underwent abdominal surgery.
Methodology & Theoretical Orientation: The study was conducted between December 2015 and December 2017 at Inonu
University, Turgut Ozal Medical Center, General Surgery Intensive Care Unit and Liver Transplant Institute Intensive Care
Units as a quasi-experimental research with control group in repeated measurements. The study population consisted of
patients who underwent abdominal surgery and were over the age of 18. After the power analysis, it was determined that 210
patients (105 experiments, 105 controls) should be taken in the sample group. Patients were selected by random sampling
method. Patient ıdentification form and visual analog scales were used for data collection. After applying patient ıdentification
form to the patients in the experimental group and determining pain levels with Visual Analogue Scale (VAS), bioenergy
was applied for 10–15 minutes. Pain levels were reevaluated in 5th, 30th, 60th, 90th and 120th minutes with VAS. Data were
evaluated with number, percentage, mean, standard deviation, Chi-square, independent group t test and variance analysis.
Findings: Before bioenergy, the experimental group’s pain level was 5.87±1.36. However, it decreased at the 5th, 30th and 60th
minutes after bioenergy. Although it increased again at 90th and 120th minutes, a lower level of pain (5.02±2.38) was detected
at 120th minute, compared with pre-bioenergy (p=0.000). Pain intensity in the control group was found to increase gradually
after 30th minute (p=0.185), even though it decreased at 5th minute after bioenergy.
Conclusion & Significance: Bioenergy was found to be effective in postoperative pain management in patients who have
undergone abdominal surgery.

Speaker
Biography:

Rapid changes and developments in science and technology have accelerated the production, dissemination, statement and
usage of information. The most important innovation of information technology is the increase in internet usage. Besides
the favorable effects of internet usage, uncontrolled and excessive use can negatively affect the physical, psychological, social
and cognitive development of children and adolescents. This research has been made bycross-sectional and descriptive method
to determine students’ internet usage habit sand the influence of internet dependency on students' health, the sample of their
search is composed of 103 students of Atatürk University Aşkale Vocational School who agreed to participate. The collection of
data was made by a questionnaire, formed by researchers and Young Internet Addiction Test-Short Form (YIAT-SF). Analysis
of the obtained data were made by using SPSS 17.0 program. Necessary permissions have been obtained for the realization of
the search. According to the data, the average score of YIAT - SF scale was significantly higher in students who consumed food
during internet usage (30.77 ± 8.74) and in those who spent more than 5 hours on the internet (30.46 ± 8.63) (p <0.05). It was
found that of the students, 64.1 % had sleep and 63.1 % had neck pain complaints related to internet usage. The average YIAT
- SF scale scores of these students were significantly higher than the others (p <0.05). As the result, internet addiction level of
students who consumed food / beverages during internet usage and spent more than 5 hours on the internet were found to be
high. In addition, it was determined that internet usage caused health problems such as sleeping problems and neck pain in
vocational high school students, and it was seen that the level of internet addiction in these groups were higher.

Abstract:

Gönül Akbulut was born in the year 1986 in Erzurum, Turkey. She graduated from Ataturk University Nursing Faculty Nursing Department in 2006. She worked as a
hemodialysis nurse at Ataturk University Yakutiye Research Hospital for five years. Since 2013 she works as a lecturer at Ataturk University Askale Vocational School. She
is a student of Inonu University Health Sciences Institute Nursing PhD Program.